Polycystic Kidney Disease Treatment

Treatment for Urinary Tract Infections

People with polycystic kidney disease tend to have frequent urinary tract infections (UTIs). Treatment for UTIs includes antibiotics. People with the disease should seek treatment for urinary tract infections immediately, because the infection can spread from the urinary tract to the cysts in the kidneys. Cyst infections are difficult to treat, because many antibiotics do not penetrate into the cysts; however, some antibiotics are effective.

High Blood Pressure Treatment

Keeping blood pressure under control can slow the effects of polycystic kidney disease. Lifestyle changes and various medications can lower high blood pressure. Patients should ask their doctors about these types of high blood pressure treatment. Sometimes proper diet and exercise are enough to keep blood pressure low.

Treatment for End-Stage Renal Disease

Because kidneys are essential for life, people with end-stage renal failure must seek one of two options for replacing kidney functions: dialysis or transplantation.
During hemodialysis, blood is circulated into an external machine, where it is cleaned before re-entering the body. During peritoneal (affecting the cavity of the abdomen) dialysis, a fluid is introduced into the abdomen, where it absorbs wastes, and it is then removed.
Transplantation of healthy kidneys into end-stage kidney disease patients has become a common and successful procedure. Healthy (non-PKD) kidneys transplanted into PKD patients do not develop cysts.

Treatment for Height or Weight Issues

Eating increased amounts of nutritious food improves growth in children with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease.

Polycystic Kidneys

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